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20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Here are 20 Interesting Facts About these Islands.

20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands
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#1 Bengali is the most widely-spoken language here
You probably thought that the most widely-spoken languages across the Andaman Islands would be Andamanese or Ongan. Wrong! Bengali is the most dominant language, followed by Hindi, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam.

#2 The 20 rupee note depicts a scene from Andaman and Nicobar islands
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Image Source - Google | Image by - andamansguide
Ever noticed the scenery on a 20 Rupee note? The image of a picturesque bay lined with lush greenery captured on the red-coloured note is the North Bay Island and the same view can be see on the way to Mount Harriet. Mount Harriet is the second highest peak in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago.


#3 Commercial fishing is banned in the surrounding seas
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands

In an effort to preserve underwater flora and fauna including indigenous marine life like dugongs and giant sea turtles along with its rich coral reserves, commercial fishing in the waters surrounding the Andaman Islands is banned.

#4 Andaman’s name has its origin in the Ramayana

Ever wondered how the Andaman Islands got its name? It’s believed that it’s a derivation of Lord Hanuman who halted in the region while on his way to Lanka. Famous islands including Neil and Ross are named after British engineers, dating back to the East India Company. Who knew!

#5 Little Andaman has two island waterfalls, White Surf Falls and Whisper Waves, that are straight out of a story book
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Image Source - Google | Image by - andamantripadvisor
There are two beautiful waterfalls on the Little Andaman island – the White Surf waterfall which is 6.5 km from Hut Bay Jetty and the Whisper Wave, which is 20 km from the same. One can take an elephant safari or trek through the verdant forests of the island to reach the pristine waterfalls.

#6 Ross Island was once an important headquarter for the British and the Japanese.
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Image Source - Google | Image by - Mukul Banerjee
The Ross Island was the erstwhile British headquarter for the most of the Andaman Islands from 1858 till it was rocked by an earthquake in 1941. In 1941, the Japanese converted the site into POW camp, and built war installations, remnants of which can still be seen. Now under the control of Indian Navy, the island with its jungle-clad colonial ruins and creepy World War II tunnels, is a popular tourist spot.

#7 Jal Hans, India’s first commercial seaplane was launched in the Andaman Islands
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Sea planes are amphibious aircrafts that can take off and land on water and as well as on land. Calling it the Jal Hans, government-owned Pawan Hans launched India’s first seaplane operation in Andaman and Nicobar Islands in 2013. Jal Hans is an eight seater Cessna 208 A that is fitted with modern navigation features, can travel up to 250 km in an hour and can also land on ground.

#8 The only active volcano in India, the Barren Island, is present in Andaman Islands
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Image Source - Google | Image by - Research Stash
Barren Island is the only active volcano not just in India but the whole of South Asia. Located approximately 135 km north east of Port Blair, this small 3-km-wide island contains a 1.6-km-wide crater partially filled by a cinder cone that has been the source of eruptions since the first was recorded in 1787.

#9 It’s illegal to interact with the Jarawa tribals
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Image Source - Google | Image by - go2andaman

In parts of South and Middle Andaman Islands, the nomadic Jarawas are a protected tribe whose population ranges between 250-400 individuals. Any attempt to interact with the isolated tribe, who themselves shun contact with outsiders, is deemed illegal.

#10 Baratang in Andaman is the only place in India with mud volcanoes
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands
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As per available records, the first observed mud volcano explosion was observed in March 1983 in Nilambur Village in Baratang Island. A mud volcano is formed by emission of depressurized pore water and natural gases from decaying organic matter underground, accompanied by loud explosions and fire flares. This gradually forms a miniature volcano with rich, creamy mud crater at the top.

#11 These islands are the happy land of butterflies

20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands

A lot of butterflies flock to Andaman and Nicobar from nearby tropical islands. Thousands of butterflies migrate to Andaman and Nicobar Island. Indian Government has also released postage stamps in fond memory of the butterflies that flock to the island.

#12 These islands received the first sunrise of this millennium
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Katchal Islands enjoyed the distinction of being the first place to receive the sun rays this millennium sunrise.

#13 Recorded 197 different species of coral out of which 111 are newly identified

These coral reefs are the least affected by the coral bleaching in the entire world. Nearly 197 species of coral were identified in thirteen sites.Nearly 111 species of these 197 species are newly recorded – previously not known.These coral reefs have not been much affected by the coral bleaching which affected the coral reefs in other part of the world too

#14 The largest sea turtles nest here
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Image Source - Google | Image by - Adele Claassens

These islands inhabit endless marine cultures, but the most famous of them all are sea turtles. Dermocheleys Coriacea, the largest sea turtles in the world nest here. They are huge in size and thousands of them flock to the Andamans every year. Additionally, even the Olive Ridely turtles come to the Andamans and use it as their nesting ground.

#15 Dugong, the gentle sea cow, is the state animal of Andaman and Nicobar Islands
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Large, plump marine vegetarians with short, paddle-like front flippers, the gentle Dugongs can be found grazing peacefully on sea grass in the warm coastal waters of the Andaman and Nicobar Island. These languid creatures, also called the ‘angel of the sea’, can be spotted at Ritchie’s archipelago, North Reef, Little Andaman and parts of Nicobar.

#16 The largest living arthropod in the world, Birgus Latro or Robber crab, resides here
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Image Source - Google | Image by - Susan Milius
The Robber crab (Birgus Latro), also called the Coconut Crab, is the largest land-living arthropod in the world. They generally live on land, but at nights climb up the coconut trees and carve a hole into the tender coconuts to eat the soft kernel. In South Asia, the highest numbers of these huge crabs are found in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago. They can be spotted on the South Sentinel Island as well as on some islands in Nicobar.
#17 A penal settlement, including the dreaded Kala Pani Jail (Cellular Jail), was established here by the British after the revolt of 1857
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Andaman and Nicobar Islands were so remote that they became the dreaded Kala Pani penal colony for Indian freedom fighters under the British. The Cellular Jail was built to disconnect the prisoners from the outer world – the prisoners were kept in solitary cells and made to work for long hours on a hand driven oil extractor made of iron. Today, the jail is open to tourists, and has a light and sound show in evening.

#18 At Havelock Island, one can kayak through dense mangroves to reach the open sea
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Image Source - Google | Image by - havelock
With an ecosystem of their own, the kayaking through the mangroves is an exciting way to view the Havelock island’s exotic wildlife. Acting as both a nursery as well as a breeding ground, the mangroves host a large number of life forms such as shrimps, algae, barnacles, oysters, sponges, mud lobsters and mangrove crabs to name a few.

#19 Pandunus or Nicobar Breadfruit is a rare fruit found and widely eaten in Nicobar
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Pandanus is a densely arranged, wedge-shaped fruit that has an immensely hard, woody and fibrous body in which several narrow, edible seeds are embedded. Each section has a fleshy base that contains an aromatic pulp that, after cooking, is a staple food in Nicobar. An economically important plant in the islands, the stem branches of Pandanus are used in construction, the leaves used for weaving mats and the hard exterior of the fruit is used as a bathing brush.

#20 India’s southernmost point, the Indira Point, subsided by 4.25 metres during the 2004 Tsunami
20 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Image Source - Google | Image by - andamanexperts
An aerial view of the damaged coast of Indira Point, India's southern most point, 600 km (about 375 miles) south of Port Blair, in the Andaman and Nicobar archipelago March 1, 2005. The tsunami which swamped Asian coastlines just over two months ago not only killed thousands of people in India's Andaman and Nicobar islands, it also hurt a vital part of the country's defences. Picture taken on March 1, 2005. REUTERS/Sucheta Das Die Landzunge Indira Point auf Car Nicobar, die den südlichsten Ort des indischen Staatsgebietes bildet, versank während des Tsunami 2004 im Meer. Der Leuchtturm am Indira Point steht wie ein Mahnmal im Wasser. India lost strategic land to the 2004 tsunami forever as large stretches of its southernmost tip, the Indira Point, about 120 km from the Indonesian shores, remain underwater years after the mammoth natural disaster. Located at 6o 45? N latitude, Indira Point was formerly known as the Pygmalion Point.

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